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The Geography Subject Objectives are to:
1   Develop a learner awareness of this country as his/her heritage.
2.  Develop awareness of the extent of their land that can be developed to raise the standard of living of people.
3.  Develop understanding of the constraints both social and geographical in the way of development and to suggest ways of overcoming them.
4.  Develop methods of observation, measuring, recording and interpretation of phenomena.
5.  Enable students to understand interaction between their country and other countries and appreciate the way world problems are related
6.  Enable students acquire the skills for combating environ­mental problems for the environmental conservation and management.

Selection and Organisation of the Content :
(a). This syllabus has been centred on the content, which addresses the objectives and requirements not only of the 0-level geography but also of the major goals of education in the country.

  The selection of the content has deliberately avoided the traditional tendency of opting for treating the subject on topical basis. Instead the materials in this syllabus are intended to impart skills, which are relevant to Tanzanian situation that fit learners. Hence the content has been treated thematically. This approach enables the learner to link the general knowledge and experiences from other places to realities in Tanzania.
More than any other subject in the curriculum, the geography skills, are intended to prepare pupils who will be rich in constructive attitudes towards environment, understanding its problems, possible solutions; and therefore getting involved in providing actual social and economic development of the country.

(c). Furthermore, the preparation of this syllabus did under-score the fact that it is not the knowing all geographical facts of a country which will help in building up of such skills into pupils but that it is only certain type of knowledge that can be employed by learners as tools to change their environment for better life.

(d). Therefore, while at form one for instance, pupils are exposed to study general geography and some practical skills; the subject is focused to the study of human activities essential for survival through interacting with the environment at form two levels.
This study dwells on the skills on the earth science, climate and soils and statistics in form three. On top of this, skills in geographical map, photographs and statis­tics are taught at this level.

Choice and use of instructional materials:
The subject teacher is expected to be well informed about the content of the syllabus. The teacher should constantly seek information from different sources and use the teach­ing/learning strategies suggested in the syllabus. The choice of teaching learning aids promoted should be a guide to an effective teaching and learning environment. No school or department will ever be self sufficient in instructional materials. This suggests the need to keep in touch with other schools, institutions or departments for exchange of these materials.

Some of the following teaching/learning aids:

-      -    Maps
-   Pictures
-   Samples/actual things
-   Environment/sites  
-   Sketch maps
-   Diagrams
-   Photographs
-   Globe
-   Graphs
-    Tables

-      -     weather station and components
-    soil test kit
-     water test kit
-     electronic and some print media
-     acquaria
-     charts
-     models
-     torch
-      planetarium

These resources can be also sought from the community, resource persons, mobilizes, informants or geographical Sites.

Students Assessment
In order to achieve the goals, the pupils need to be assessed every now and then. This should be done continuously as planned and organized by the teacher on a regular basis. At the end of From IV, students will sit for a national examina­tion aimed at measuring the overall achievement. For a successful performance in this examination, it is strongly advised that both the teacher and students should cover all the topics of this syllabus.

These evaluation undertakings will determine the extent to which the four year secondary education enabled pupils to acquire fundamental concepts, principles and skills in Geog­raphy and how they will apply them in solving the present and future problems at individual and national levels.

Distribution of Instructional' Time
Four periods of 40 minutes each are proposed per week to cover this syllabus.


a. The Solar System
b. The Sun
c.  The Planets
d.  Other bodies in the Solar system
e.  The Earth
f.  Earth movements
    i.   Rotation’s evidences
   ii.Revolution seasons,  and length of day and night
g.      Location of positions on the Earths surface
h.      Calculate time differences
i.        International Date Line

2. The Structure of the  Earth 
3. Major  Features of  the Earth’s Surface 
Weather and Climate
a.      Definition of weather
b.      Weather
    i. Elements of Weather temperature, rainfall, wind, air pressure  and humidity

    ii. Weather station  and instruments used for measuring the elements of weather

c.      Climate
i.  Temperature

d.  Natural Regions
i.    The Warm Temperature regions.
    ii.  Cool temperature (continental) regions. Sample duty
   iii. Wheat farming in the prairies and  sheep raising in the downs of Australia.
iv. Mountain regions

5.  Mapwork
a.      Scale
b.      Symbol
c.      Distance
d.      Location of Position   


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