FORM 1- SYLLABUS
Geography Subject Objectives are to:
1 Develop a learner awareness
of this country as his/her heritage.
2. Develop awareness of the extent of
their land that can be developed to raise the standard of living of people.
3. Develop understanding of the
constraints both social and geographical in the way of development and to
suggest ways of overcoming them.
4. Develop methods of observation,
measuring, recording and interpretation of phenomena.
5. Enable students to understand
interaction between their country and other countries and appreciate the way
world problems are related.
6. Enable students
acquire the skills for combating environmental problems for the environmental
conservation and management.
and Organisation of the Content
syllabus has been centred on the content, which addresses the objectives
and requirements not only of the 0-level geography but also of the major goals
of education in the country.
(b). The selection of the content
has deliberately avoided the traditional tendency of opting for treating the
subject on topical basis. Instead the materials in this syllabus are intended to
impart skills, which are relevant to Tanzanian situation that fit learners.
Hence the content has been treated thematically. This approach enables the
learner to link the general knowledge and experiences from other places to
realities in Tanzania.
More than any other subject in the curriculum, the geography skills, are
intended to prepare pupils who will be rich in constructive attitudes towards
environment, understanding its problems, possible solutions; and therefore
getting involved in providing actual social and economic development of the
(c). Furthermore, the preparation of
this syllabus did under-score the fact that it is not the knowing all
geographical facts of a country which will help in building up of such skills
into pupils but that it is only certain type of knowledge that can be employed
by learners as tools to change their environment for better life.
(d). Therefore, while at form one
for instance, pupils are exposed to study general geography and some practical
skills; the subject is focused to the study of human activities essential for
survival through interacting with the environment at form two levels.
This study dwells on the skills on the earth science, climate and soils and
statistics in form three. On top of this, skills in geographical map,
photographs and statistics are taught at this level.
and use of instructional materials:
The subject teacher is expected to be well
informed about the content of the syllabus. The teacher should constantly seek
information from different sources and use the teaching/learning strategies
suggested in the syllabus. The choice of teaching learning aids promoted should
be a guide to an effective teaching and learning environment. No school or
department will ever be self sufficient in instructional materials. This
suggests the need to keep in touch with other schools, institutions or
departments for exchange of these materials.
of the following teaching/learning aids:
- weather station and components
soil test kit
water test kit
electronic and some print media
resources can be also sought from the community, resource persons, mobilizes,
informants or geographical Sites.
In order to achieve the goals, the pupils need to
be assessed every now and then. This should be done continuously as planned and
organized by the teacher on a regular basis. At the end of From IV, students
will sit for a national examination aimed at measuring the overall
achievement. For a successful performance in this examination, it is strongly
advised that both the teacher and students should cover all the topics of this
evaluation undertakings will determine the extent to which the four year
secondary education enabled pupils to acquire fundamental concepts, principles
and skills in Geography and how they will apply them in solving the present
and future problems at individual and national levels.
Distribution of Instructional' Time
Four periods of 40 minutes each are proposed per week to cover this
TOPIC FORM 1
1. CONCEPT OF
a. The Solar System
Other bodies in the Solar system
ii.Revolution seasons, and
length of day and night
Location of positions on the Earths surface
Calculate time differences
International Date Line
2. The Structure of the
3. Major Features
of the Earth’s Surface
4. Weather and Climate
Definition of weather
Elements of Weather temperature, rainfall, wind, air pressure
Weather station and instruments
used for measuring the elements of weather
The Warm Temperature regions.
ii. Cool temperature (continental) regions. Sample duty
iii. Wheat farming in the prairies and
sheep raising in the downs of Australia.
iv. Mountain regions
Location of Position